Auction Lot: 35147117 DEVUELTO
Estimated Value : 18000-20000 €

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Flemish school, 16th century.
"Virgin of the milk".
Oil on panel.
It has traces of label on the back.
It has repaints, slight crackle and small flaws in the frame.
Measures: 19 x 13.5 cm; 31.5 x 27.5 cm (frame).
Oil on panel in which the Virgin of the Milk or of the Good Milk is represented, also known as the Nutritious or Nurse Virgin, Virgin of Rest or Good Rest, Virgin of Bethlehem or the Grotto of Bethlehem; It is an invocation and an iconography of the Virgin Mary, in which she is represented in the act of breastfeeding the Child Jesus. This representation has had various developments in sacred art, such as painting, sculpture and the particular iconography of the Orthodox Church. The representation of the Virgin breastfeeding the child Jesus is mentioned by Pope Gregory the Great, a mosaic with this representation It probably dates from the 12th century and is found on the facade of the Basilica of Santa Maria in Trastevere, although a few other examples from the early Middle Ages still survive. This invocation is considered to be a syncretism of the mother goddesses, in particular of the goddess Isis suckling Horus and the first images probably appeared in Coptic art. The Milk Grotto is a place in Bethlehem, very close to the Basilica of the Nativity, where tradition says that the Virgin breastfed the Child, and a drop spilled on a rock, which changed its color, turning white. Due to this, grotto stones (formed from calcium carbonate) were considered relic in the first centuries because, when diluted in water, it took on the appearance of milk. The sanctuary erected in this place is used by women who ask the Virgin to improve the quality of their breast milk. A theme in Christian hagiography linked to the lactating Virgin is that of Lactatio Bernardi, according to which the virgin appeared to a monk in dreams and, by giving him his milk, gave him some miraculous gift. It is a painting belonging to the flamenco school, we are going to say some characteristics about said school. In this, there is a realistic reaction against the fantasy of the international Gothic, it is a painting highly influenced by the art of sculpture, oil painting (on wood) is usually generalized, it is a painting with a great symbolic sense that allows us two readings, the symbolic and the realistic. There is importance for detail, with a detailed description of objects, nothing escapes the painter's eye, they usually have many details, refinement is also abandoned, real beings appear without idealistic intention. The portrait occupies an increasingly prominent place, there is a greater study of light, also truthfulness of the sense of volume, depth is sought in space, getting perspective intuitively.

It must also be said that it is an art for the bourgeoisie with a stable political situation and economic strength. Some of these characteristics can be seen in this work. On a carmine background appears the figure of the Virgin, seated, half-length wearing a crossed white shirt, a red tunic as can be seen on her left sleeve, and an ocher fur coat on her right sleeve, something that attracts attention, is cover with a green cloak. Tilt your head to your left. He has a long neck and an oval face, a small mouth, a long and straight nose, a low gaze towards his son and thin, arched eyebrows. The virgin shows a slight smile, you can also see the detail of the hair on the eyelashes. Her hair is combed with the middle parting, her hair is blond, where the fine treatment of the same stands out, with long and undulating brush strokes of golden tones.
She opens her crossed shirt to remove a breast, with one hand, in which the child also touches her, showing contact and a certain tenderness. Hold the child with the other hand, covered in cloths from the waist down, but showing the feet. The Virgin has long fingers.


Presenta restos de etiqueta al dorso. Posee leve craquelado y pequeños desperfectos en el marco. Este lote puede verse en la sede de Setdart Madrid, situada en la calle Conde de Aranda, 22.


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